History

WOFAPS was founded on 15th October 1974 in Sao Paulo, Brazil during a Pediatric Surgery Congress with representatives from 43 Countries under the Presidency of Prof. Virgilio Carvalho Pinto and Secretary General Prof. Josa Pinus. Prof. Harvey Beardmore (Canada) was elected the first President of the WOFAPS.

Objectives of WOFAPS were

  • Promotion of a high standard of pediatric surgery
  • Encouragement of the ethical practice of pediatric surgery
  • Improve the standards of education for the training of pediatric surgeons
  • Promotion and encouragement of pediatric surgical research

The WOFAPS shall be representation of Pediatric Surgical Association, but not of individual persons and it does not represent any political ideas nor does it make any racial or religious distinction. (see the Constitution )

In 1983, only 23 Associations belonged to the WOFAPS, but the organization has made considerable strides since its inception and has grown to include over 100 member countries and is recognized and participates in International Associations of Pediatric Surgery and also other organization such as UNICEF, UNESCO, and WHO. This has been due to the strong leadership and efforts of the Presidents, Executive Board Members and especially the extraordinary hard work of General Secretary Treasurer Prof. J. Boix-Ochoa.

WOFAPS

Consititution

1. Name, legal base

The World Federation of Associations of Pediatric Surgeons (hereinafter called “The Federation”), founded 15th October 1974 in Sao Paulo (Brazil), shall be representative of pediatric surgical associations and societies and of any other organizations whose aims are those as expressed in article 3, but not of individual persons.

2a. Seat of the Federation

2a.1 The legal headquarters are in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

2a.2 The Federation has a Permanent Bureau at the office of the current Secretary/Treasurer.

2b. Purpose

Said corporation is organized exclusively for charitable, religious, educational and scientific purposes,including, for such purposes, the making of distributions to organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code.

3. Objectives of the Federation

The objectives of the Federation shall be the improvement and maintenance of the standards of pediatric surgery throughout the world for the common good by any non-profit making means and in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing words, by all or any of the following means:

3.1 The promotion and integration of pediatric surgery throughout the world.

3.2 The maintenance of a centre for cooperation and interchange of information among pediatric surgical associations, societies and organizations approved by the Federation.

3.3 The encouragement of the development and maintenance of high standards of care, education.

3.4 The encouragement of clinical and scientific congresses of pediatric surgical associations, societies and organizations approved by the Federation.

By Laws

1. Criteria of Membership

When a pediatric surgical association, society or organization as mentioned in paragraph 1.1 of the Constitution is considered for membership of the Federation, the Council shall be guided by the following criteria:
1.1 The applicant association, society or organization must be constituted and present its Constitution to the Council in writing.
1.2
The minimum of full members (cf. Article 1.3) shall be ten.
1.3
An association or society of paediatric surgeons to be accepted for membership may be composed of pediatric surgeons or general surgeons who practice pediatric surgery (considered by the Federation as full members). They should be representative of those undertaking the surgical care of children in the country. Trainees in pediatric surgery and consultants in related specialities are considered by the Federation as associate members and do not apply for the conditions of Article 1.2.1.4As for the organizations referred to in paragraph 1.1 of the Constitution, the Council will decide at its own discretion and on the merits of each applicant what criteria shall be allowed.1.5

The stated objectives should include:

1.5.1The promotion of a high standard of pediatric surgery.1.5.2The encouragement of the ethical practice of pediatric surgery.1.5.3To influence, as far as may be possible, the standards of education for the training of pediatric surgeons of the future.1.5.4The promotion and encouragement of pediatric surgical research.

1.6

The activities should include:

1.6.1 The promotion of scientific meetings in subjects related to pediatric surgery.
1.6.2 Other activities that may enhance the academic and scientific status of the association or society and its members.

1.7The applicant association, society or organization must certify in writing that it shall, if received as a member, accept the Constitution of the Federation and its by-laws without restrictions.

Appendix A

RULES GOVERNING THE:
World Federation of Associations of Pediatric Surgeons Foundation
(WOFAPS-Foundation)

  1. Purpose
    The World Federation of Associations of Pediatric Surgeons was formed on October 15, 1974 in Sao Paulo, Brazil as an international group to promote quality children’s surgical care, encourage the highest standards of education, training and scientific research, and provide a center of cooperation, interchange of information and interaction among children’s surgical associations, societies and organizations approved by WOFAPS.The WOFAPS-Foundation was formed as a clearly separate but affiliated entity to raise funds to carryout the goals of the Federation.The WOFAPS was established in 2007 as a tax exempt organization in Philadelphia, PA that qualifies for this status under section 501 (c) (3) of the US Internal Revenue Code and is governed according to those rules appertaining thereto.
  2. Foundation Structure
    The WOFAPS-Foundation is served by a Board of Directors that includes, the three Past-President’sof the Federation, the Secretary-Treasurer, 3 members of the WOFAPS Council (not included inthe Executive Committee) and the current WOFAPS President and the First Vice-President servingas voting members to assure continuity. The 3 members of the Council will be appointed by theExecutive Board. Each Director will normally serve for a three year term. The Chairman of theFoundation Board will be elected by the members of the Board of Directors and serve for a threeyear term but could be reelected for a second three year term at the discretion of the Board.The Active President of the WOFAPS may not simultaneously serve as Chairman of the WOFAPSFoundation Board. If the Chairman of the Board cannot fulfill his/her term in office, the FoundationBoard of Directors shall elect a new Chairperson to finish the term.
    The Secretary-Treasurer may be reelected to the Foundation Board as long as he/she serves in thatcapacity. If other Board members cannot fulfill their term of duty, the 2nd Vice-President of WOFAPSor another member of the WOFAPS Executive Committee can be appointed by the ExecutiveCommittee to finish the term on the Foundation Board. Terms of service shall begin on January 1stfollowing election.
  3. Function
    The Foundation Board shall meet at least annually at the same time as the WOFAPS ExecutiveCouncil. However, the Chairman of the Foundation Board may call a special emergency meetingof the Board when necessary. Three of the voting members of the Foundation Board and one ex-officio member will constitute a quorum. Action items of the Board require a majority vote of themembers present at a meeting for passage. Votes in absentia are not accepted. The Foundation Board has oversight for all aspects of fund raising, investment of donated Funds and selection ofprojects for funding. The Foundation will report to the WOFAPS Executive Council at the time ofthe annual meeting.
  4. Support
    Funds accrued by the WOFAPS-Foundation will be kept in a separate account monitored by theSecretary-Treasurer and reviewed quarterly by the Board of Directors.The Foundation is entitled toaccept donations in the form of grants, cash, stocks, securities and other forms of gifts or contributionsthat are fully tax deductible to the extent permitted by Federal law to carry out its objectives. Allsuch gifts and donations should be made payable to WOFAPS earmarked for the Foundation. TheSecretary-Treasurer is responsible for verifying receipt of the gifts or donations to donors.
  5. Goals and Objectives
    Based on the acquired corpus available, the WOFAPS Foundation will: encourage furthering ofprofessional training, promote education of individuals in training through participation in seminarsand special courses, consider granting travel scholarships, scientific research fellowships, or uniqueprojects such as medical ethics, clinical outcomes studies and health care delivery systems and otherprojects that that will enrich the knowledge of the grant recipient, an institution, a community orsociety in general as it pertains to broadening the horizon’s of children’s surgery.
  6. Eligibility for Support
    Pediatric Surgeons that are members of WOFAPS approved associations, societies or organizationsor their bonafide children’s surgery trainees may apply for support from the Foundation. Applicantsmust have sponsorship from a Department chair and an officer of the WOFAPS affiliated pediatricsurgical organization.The sponsor should be familiar with the applicant and their proposed work andis responsible for assuring the candidate’s project will be supported locally. The Board of Directorsof the Foundation is responsible for reviewing grant submissions in a peer reviewed fashion anddetermining selection of Foundation grant recipients. The Secretary-Treasurer is responsible fornotifying applicants of the outcome of their grant submission. Awardees are required to submit asummary of their research work or other sponsored activity in writing to the WOFAPS FoundationBoard within one year of their award. If deemed appropriate by the Foundation Board, the recipientmay be asked to present their work at a WOFAPS sponsored scientific meeting.
  7. Procedure for Changes and Amendments
    Any changes to the rules governing the WOFAPS-Foundation require full consensus of the Board of Directors.

Appendix B

RULES GOVERNING THE:
World Federation of Associations of Pediatric Surgeons Foundation
(WOFAPS-Foundation)

  1. Purpose
    The World Federation of Associations of Pediatric Surgeons was formed on October 15, 1974 in Sao Paulo, Brazil as an international group to promote quality children’s surgical care, encourage the highest standards of education, training and scientific research, and provide a center of cooperation, interchange of information and interaction among children’s surgical associations, societies and organizations approved by WOFAPS.The WOFAPS-Foundation was formed as a clearly separate but affiliated entity to raise funds to carryout the goals of the Federation.The WOFAPS was established in 2007 as a tax exempt organization in Philadelphia, PA that qualifies for this status under section 501 (c) (3) of the US Internal Revenue Code and is governed according to those rules appertaining thereto.
  2. Foundation Structure
    The WOFAPS-Foundation is served by a Board of Directors that includes, the three Past-President’sof the Federation, the Secretary-Treasurer, 3 members of the WOFAPS Council (not included inthe Executive Committee) and the current WOFAPS President and the First Vice-President servingas voting members to assure continuity. The 3 members of the Council will be appointed by theExecutive Board. Each Director will normally serve for a three year term. The Chairman of theFoundation Board will be elected by the members of the Board of Directors and serve for a threeyear term but could be reelected for a second three year term at the discretion of the Board.The Active President of the WOFAPS may not simultaneously serve as Chairman of the WOFAPSFoundation Board. If the Chairman of the Board cannot fulfill his/her term in office, the FoundationBoard of Directors shall elect a new Chairperson to finish the term.
    The Secretary-Treasurer may be reelected to the Foundation Board as long as he/she serves in thatcapacity. If other Board members cannot fulfill their term of duty, the 2nd Vice-President of WOFAPSor another member of the WOFAPS Executive Committee can be appointed by the ExecutiveCommittee to finish the term on the Foundation Board. Terms of service shall begin on January 1stfollowing election.
  3. Function
    The Foundation Board shall meet at least annually at the same time as the WOFAPS ExecutiveCouncil. However, the Chairman of the Foundation Board may call a special emergency meetingof the Board when necessary. Three of the voting members of the Foundation Board and one ex-officio member will constitute a quorum. Action items of the Board require a majority vote of themembers present at a meeting for passage. Votes in absentia are not accepted. The Foundation Board has oversight for all aspects of fund raising, investment of donated Funds and selection ofprojects for funding. The Foundation will report to the WOFAPS Executive Council at the time ofthe annual meeting.
  4. Support
    Funds accrued by the WOFAPS-Foundation will be kept in a separate account monitored by theSecretary-Treasurer and reviewed quarterly by the Board of Directors.The Foundation is entitled toaccept donations in the form of grants, cash, stocks, securities and other forms of gifts or contributionsthat are fully tax deductible to the extent permitted by Federal law to carry out its objectives. Allsuch gifts and donations should be made payable to WOFAPS earmarked for the Foundation. TheSecretary-Treasurer is responsible for verifying receipt of the gifts or donations to donors.
  5. Goals and Objectives
    Based on the acquired corpus available, the WOFAPS Foundation will: encourage furthering ofprofessional training, promote education of individuals in training through participation in seminarsand special courses, consider granting travel scholarships, scientific research fellowships, or uniqueprojects such as medical ethics, clinical outcomes studies and health care delivery systems and otherprojects that that will enrich the knowledge of the grant recipient, an institution, a community orsociety in general as it pertains to broadening the horizon’s of children’s surgery.
  6. Eligibility for Support
    Pediatric Surgeons that are members of WOFAPS approved associations, societies or organizationsor their bonafide children’s surgery trainees may apply for support from the Foundation. Applicantsmust have sponsorship from a Department chair and an officer of the WOFAPS affiliated pediatricsurgical organization.The sponsor should be familiar with the applicant and their proposed work andis responsible for assuring the candidate’s project will be supported locally. The Board of Directorsof the Foundation is responsible for reviewing grant submissions in a peer reviewed fashion anddetermining selection of Foundation grant recipients. The Secretary-Treasurer is responsible fornotifying applicants of the outcome of their grant submission. Awardees are required to submit asummary of their research work or other sponsored activity in writing to the WOFAPS FoundationBoard within one year of their award. If deemed appropriate by the Foundation Board, the recipientmay be asked to present their work at a WOFAPS sponsored scientific meeting.
  7. Procedure for Changes and Amendments
    Any changes to the rules governing the WOFAPS-Foundation require full consensus of the Board of Directors.

Kyoto Declaration

Kyoto Declaration of pediatric surgery

• Children are not just small adults and have medical and surgical problems and needs that are often quite different from those encountered by adult physicians. Infants and children deserve the very best medical care available. Every infant and child who suffers from an illness or disease has the right to be treated in an environment devoted to their care by a pediatric medical or surgical specialist.

• Pediatric Surgeons are specially trained physicians with extensive experience and the greatest expertise in treating infants and children of all ages (from the neonatal period through adolescence) with surgical disorders. Because of their unique training pediatric surgical specialists provide a wide range of treatment options and the highest quality care to children.

• Pediatric Surgeons diagnose, treat, and manage children’s surgical needs including: surgical repair of birth defects, serious injuries in children (including some that require surgery), childhood solid tumors, conditions requiring endoscopy and minimally invasive procedures, and all other surgical procedures in children including ambulatory surgery.

• In order to provide the best surgical care for infants and children, complex pediatric surgical procedures should be carried out in specialized pediatric centres with intensive care facilities appropriately equipped with modern technology. In addition to the trained pediatric surgeons, these facilities should be staffed with other multidisciplinary pediatric specialists including radiologists, anesthesiologists and pathologists. These specialized centres often provide educational postgraduate training/research and should be staffed 24 hours per day seven days per week.